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Understanding Bloodwork results
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Understanding Bloodwork results - Thursday, February 18, 2010 8:43 PM
 I figured I would post this for those of you who are as stumped as I am when reading the blood test results!!
Blood tests help us determine causes of illness accurately, safely, and quickly and let us monitor the progress of medical treatments.
The most common blood test is called a CBC- (Complete Blood Count). This gives us information on the hydration status, anemia, infection, the blood’s clotting ability, and how well the immune system responses. A CBC can detect unseen abnormalities.
HCT- Hematocrit: This measures the percentage of red blood cells to detect anemia (low red blood cells) and hydration (Making sure the tissues in the body have enough fluid.
Hb amd MCHC: Hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration: Hemoglobin carries the oxygen.
WBC: White blood cells: Measures the body’s immune cells. Increases or decreases indicate certain disease or infections.
GRANS and L/M Granulocytes and lymphocytes/monocytes: These are specific types of white blood cells.
EOS (eosinophils) Are specific types of white blood cells that may indicate allergic or parasitic conditions.
RETICS (Reticulocytes) immature red blood cells. High levels indicate regenerative anemia. (Reoccurring low red blood cells).
                                  Blood serum Chemistries
These tests evaluate organ function, electrolyte status, hormone levels, and more. They are important in evaluating the health of older patients, pets with vomiting and diarrhea or toxin exposure, pets receiving long-term medications, and preanesthetic patients.
ALB: (Albumin) Is a serum protein that helps evaluate hydration, hemorrhage, and intestinal, liver, and kidney disease.
ALKP: Alkalane phosphates: Elevations may indicate liver damage, cushings disease ( caused by excessive production of ACTH from the pituitary gland), and active bone growth in young pets. This test is especially significant in cats.
ALT ( Alanine aminotransferase) is a sensitive indicator of active liver damage but does not indicate the cause.
AMY (amylase) elevations show kidney disease or pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).
AST: Aspartate aminotransferase Increases may indicate liver, heart, or skeletal muscle damage.
BUN: (blood urea nitrogen) Indicates kidney function. An increased blood level is called azotemia and can be caused by kidney, liver, and heart disease, urethral obstruction, shock and dehydration.
CA: Calcium: Deviations can indicate a variety of diseases. Tumors, hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, and low albumin are just a few of the conditions that alter serum calcium.
CHOL: (Cholesterol) is used to supplement diagnosis of hypothyroidism, liver disease, Cushing’s disease, and diabetes mellitus.
CL (Chloride) is an electrolyte often lost with vomiting and Addison’s disease. Elevations often indicate dehydration.
CREAT (creatinine) reveals kidney function. This test helps to distinguish between kidney and non- kidney causes of elevated BUN.
GGT: (gamma glutamyl transferase) is an enzyme that indicates liver disease or corticosteriod excess.
GLOB: (globulin) is a blood protein that often increases with chronic inflammation and certain disease states.
GLU: (Glucose) is a blood sugar. Elevated levels may indicate diabetes mellitus. Low levels can cause collapse, seizures or coma.
K: (potassium) is an electrolyte lost when vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive urination. Increased levels may indicate kidney failure, Addison’s disease, dehydration and urethral obstruction (cannot urinate). High levels can lead to cardiac arrest.
LIP (lipase) is an enzyme that may indicate pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
NA (sodium) is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney or Addison’s diseases. This test also indicates how hydrated he or she is.
PHOS: (phosphorus) elevations are often associated with kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, and bleeding disorders.
TBIL (total bilirubin) elevations may indicate liver disease. This test helps identify bile duct problems and certain types of anemia.
TP: (total protein) indicates hydration status and provides information about the liver, kidneys, and infectious diseases.
T4 (thyroxine) is a thyroid hormone. Decreased levels often signal hypothyroidism in dogs, while high levels indicate hyperthyroidism in cats.
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